The corporal bugler is a member of the squadron of the 10th Cavalry stationed at West Point. The jacket is worn so that it bottom is between the bottom of the pocket and the top of the cargo pocket. This is sold out! Retrieved 2 June There is a popular myth that the historic red coat of the English soldier was adopted for the same reason in fact, blood does show as a dark stain on red clothing and the British red coat originated as a historical accident, possibly as a result of the relative cheapness of madder red dyes at the time of the English Civil War in the midth century.
The pattern proved to be ineffective in certain environments, and is scheduled to be fully phased out of the Army by 30 September Beginning in late U. Army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan starting with the rd Airborne Brigade were issued an Army-developed variant of the Crye Precision " MultiCam " pattern, which was far more effective in Afghanistan's terrain. Additionally, the uniforms are treated with the chemical permethrin to help protect soldiers from insect-borne diseases like malaria.
Army soldiers during the latter stages of the Iraq War also wore the ACU in MultiCam; some were seen wearing them as late as December , when the United States withdrew its military forces from the country at the end of the war. Crye later modified and trademarked their version of the pattern as MultiCam, which was selected for use by U. After talks to officially adopt MultiCam broke down over costs in late , the Army began experimenting with the original Scorpion pattern, creating a variant code named "Scorpion W2", noting that while a pattern can be copyrighted, a color palette cannot and that beyond 50 meters the actual pattern is "not that relevant.
The official name is intended to emphasize its use beyond Afghanistan to all combatant commands. The ACU features hook-and-loop fasteners, also known by the genericized trademark Velcro , on its sleeve pockets.
The ACU jacket originally used hook-and-loop-backed attachments to secure items such as name tapes, rank insignia , and shoulder patches and tabs, as well as recognition devices such as the U.
Originally only pin-on skill badges were authorized for wear on the ACU, with no more than 5 at any one time. In the summer of , regulations were changed to allow for wearing of sew-on embroidered skill badges like the ones worn on the older BDUs. The 5-badge limit remained in effect, and there could be no mixing of sew-on and pin-on badges. At the same time, the US Army tape, personal nametapes, and rank insignia could be sewn-on at the wearers preference. Army Chaplain insignia is the only authorized army branch insignia to be worn on the ACU.
The insignia may be the metal pin-on variety or the black embroidered insignia on digitized fabric with Velcro fasteners. Permanent IR IFF squares are sewn to each shoulder to help identify friendly personnel when night vision devices are used, and are protected by Velcro tabs in garrison or when not in use. The subdued version is only worn as directed under tactical or field conditions. Subdued shoulder sleeve insignia are always worn. The jacket's Mandarin collar was intended to be worn up in combat to fit with the Improved Outer Tactical Vest IOTV body armor, and worn in the down position otherwise.
With the change of pattern to OCP, the Velcro tab that closed the Mandarin collar was removed, along with other Velcro closures. The front closure is zippered and reinforced with Velcro, designed for use with OTV. The tilted chest pockets, cuffs, and elbow pad insert pockets also utilize hook-and-loop closure. There is a three slot pen pocket on the left arm of the jacket, and blouse bellows for increased mobility.
The jacket is worn so that it bottom is between the bottom of the pocket and the top of the cargo pocket. The ACU trousers or ACU pants are worn with a two-inch nylon web belt, and feature Velcro pouches for knee pad inserts, two forward-tilted thigh storage pockets with elastic drawstring and Velcro for closure during movement, and two calf storage pockets one on each pant leg with a Velcro closure.
ACU trousers with flame resistant materials are being issued for use in Iraq and Afghanistan. Items received unused, undamaged and in original package.
Click here to learn more return or exchange. Only registered users can write reviews. Please, log in or register. My Account Log In. This is sold out! Dress was surprisingly standardised between European armies in cut and general outline.
The distinction normally lay in colours red coats for the British and Danes, light grey then white for the French, Spanish, and Austrian  infantry, dark blue for the Prussians and Portuguese, green for the Russians etc.
The Royal Comtois Infantry Regiment of the French Army, for example, had large dark blue cuffs on its off-white coats. To a certain extent the functions required of a given group of soldiers were reflected in their dress. Thus artillery uniforms in most armies were usually of dark blue - for the practical reason that handling black powder would have soiled lighter coloured clothing. Officers who paid for their own clothing were relatively slow to accept uniforms. During the late 17th century they were often dressed in individual styles and colours according to their own taste and means.
In part this was because the uniform dress issued to the rank and file was considered a form of livery - the mark of a servant and demeaning to members of the social class from which officers came. One early practice in the French and other armies was for officers to wear coats of the facing colour of their regiments. Rank insignia as such was unknown until well into the 18th century.
The gorget hanging from a chain around the neck and a last survival of medieval armour was the only universally recognised mark of an officer until epaulettes developed from clusters of ribbons formerly worn on the shoulder.
Even when officers' uniforms became the subject of detailed regulation they remained easily distinguishable from those of other ranks, by the better quality and richness of the materials and trimmings used. Gold or silver braiding on the hats and coats of officers usually matched the bronze or pewter of the numerous buttons on regimental clothing. New uniforms were issued with surprising frequency in some 18th-century armies once a year in the British service.
It should, however, be remembered that a soldier had to march, parade, fight and sometimes sleep in the same garment and that such extras as greatcoats or working clothes were seldom issued until the end of the century. The first fifteen years of this century influenced the appearance of military uniforms until the s. In particular, some French uniforms — notably those of the cavalry regiments of the Imperial Guard — are considered as being amongst the most striking and distinctive of the time.
The ornamental peak of the military uniform was reached in the early 19th century in Western Europe. Sometimes the Napoleonic Wars are identified as being the acme of colourful and ornate uniforms, but actually the several decades of relative peace that followed were a time of even more decorative styles and embellishments.
The Napoleonic soldier on campaign was likely to present a shabby and nondescript appearance as unsuitable peacetime dress quickly deteriorated or was replaced with whatever local substitutes were available. Until later on in the century dyes were primitive and different batches of uniforms worn by the same unit might present differing shades, especially after exposure to rain and sun.
The white uniforms popular amongst many armies through the 18th and early 19th centuries soiled easily and had to be pipeclayed to retain any semblance of cleanliness. Green as worn by Jäger and Rifle regiments proved particularly prone to fading until suitable chemical dyes were devised in the s. British soldiers were known for their striking red clothing hence the name " Redcoats ".
This was actually a fairly dull shade of madder red until the general adoption of scarlet for tunics in the s. The American industrial revolution began in the Blackstone Valley , of Massachusetts and Rhode Island , with early textiles, from It is generally supposed that Union soldiers wore blue uniforms and Confederate soldiers wore grey ones.
However, this was only a generalisation. Both the Union and the Confederacy drew up uniform regulations, but as a matter of practical reality neither side was able to fully equip its men at the outbreak of the war. Existing state units and quickly raised volunteer regiments on both sides wore a wide variety of styles and colours in the early stages of the war.
Some regiments—such as the North's Berdan Sharpshooters and the South's Alexandria Rifles—had green uniforms, while the French zouave style was widely imitated. The Union eventually got most of its men into regulation Federal blue but this often faded until it appeared grey. Originally the Confederate government relied on the "commutation" system which required the states to provide their own uniforms.
While the commutation system was in place, many states were not able to provide an ample supply of uniforms and captured federal uniforms were common.
Later in the war the Confederate national government provided uniforms from a central depot system, including the famous Richmond and Columbus depots. Many photographs of Confederate soldiers from later in the war usually casualties are wearing standardised uniforms.
As Sherman's men marched across Georgia and up the Carolinas, they were cut off from supply by the Union and began wearing clothing of Confederate origin.
Confederate soldiers used a variety of vegetable and imported dyes which would fade to a "butternut" colour. Until the majority of armies still provided colourful dress uniforms for all ranks,   at least for parade and off duty wear. These often retained distinctive features from the past. Most Russian troops for example wore the very dark green introduced by Peter The Great in German infantry generally wore the dark " Prussian blue " of the previous two centuries.
This and other features of the historic Prussian Army uniform were generally adopted by the other German States as they fell under Prussian influence before and after the Franco-Prussian War of Bavarians however continued to wear light blue and Saxon regiments retained a number of distinctions after the establishment of the German Empire The British infantry retained their scarlet tunics for parade and "walking out" wear while the bulk of French regiments wore red trousers with dark or light blue tunics.
The infantry of the Austro-Hungarian Empire discarded their historic white tunics in in favour of dark blue. Retained however were the extremely large number of colours appearing on collars, cuffs and shoulder straps to distinguish the various regiments. There was infinite variety, even within smaller armies, between regiments, branches or ranks and the subject is a very complex one.
However, by , drab colours were increasingly being adopted for active service and ordinary duty wear. A darker version, known as "service drab", was adopted for home service field wear in ,   the same year that the US Army also adopted khaki for non-dress occasions.
The Italians introduced grey-green in , followed by the German and Austrian armies who adopted different shades of grey. The Russians had changed to a grey shade of khaki in , following their experience in the Russo Japanese War of There was however strong attachment to the colourful uniforms as previously worn on all occasions and the process was not an inexorable one. The Danish Army adopted grey-green uniforms for all occasions in , reverted to a combination of dark and light blue in , took up light grey in and finally settled for khaki in The Imperial Russian armies following their adoption of khaki-grey field uniforms in , took the opportunity to upgrade their parade uniforms to much more elaborate and colorful styles, and were experimenting with a mix of khaki and bright colours when war broke out in With the exception of Western influenced units such as the "Ever-Triumphant Army" of the Taiping Rebellion —66 Chinese armies of the 19th century wore dress that was broadly variegated.
Embroidered chest panels and coloured buttons on headdresses were used to distinguish rank and sometimes unit. From the Imperial Chinese Army adopted dark blue uniforms of Japanese style with coloured facings of red, white or yellow to distinguish the different branches. The Imperial Guard Division had a light grey uniform with the same branch colours as the line. A khaki summer uniform was worn by the entire army. The First World War finally put an end to the expensive practice of furnishing colourful uniforms to all ranks of the various armies.
Amongst the frontline troops of the combatant powers in August only the Belgian and French  armies saw active service in bright colours and old fashioned headgear although the Austro-Hungarian cavalry retained their blue and red uniforms for field wear after the remainder of the army had gone into pike grey in The demands of modern warfare as well as financial economy soon saw these survivals vanish and by all involved armies were in either khaki Russia , Turkish , Serbia, Montenegro, Japan, Greek, French colonial and Britain , various shades of grey German , Italian , Bulgarian, Portuguese, and Austro-Hungarian or sky blue French and Romanian.
The coloured uniforms of peacetime were often relegated to depot wear by recruits doing their basic training. Steel helmets first appeared in the form of the "Adrian" helmet adopted by the French Army in The practical advantages of this innovation led the British and German armies to adopt their own helmets by Other armies followed suit - the Belgians and Italians for example copying the French model and the Austro-Hungarians that of Germany.
The drab uniforms of remained in general use until the Second World War. This was partly for political reasons since the Republican , Fascist , Nazi and Communist regimes that replaced many of the old monarchies and empires had little interest in preserving the splendours of their predecessors. However even in those societies where there was social and political continuity the trend was away from the traditional uniforms worn prior to The British Army reintroduced full dress for Guards regiments in and regimental bands by , while permitting officers to wear their mess evening , blue or green "patrols" semi-formal and full dress on appropriate occasions.
The French reintroduced "grande tenue" in for North African regiments which were mostly dependent on voluntary recruiting, and after required all regular officers to acquire dress uniforms in the pre colours of their branch or regiment. Elsewhere full or coloured dress of traditional cut was generally restricted to formal uniforms for officers and long service regulars, ceremonial guards and a few other limited categories. The Spanish Army which had not been involved in the First World War exceptionally continued to issue coloured uniforms to all its conscript rank and file until and thereafter to the garrisons of Seville, Barcelona and Madrid for special ceremonials until The use of steel helmets was by now almost universal and a number of countries adopted their own designs moving away from the German, British and French models of the First World War.
Steel helmets, originally simply items of utilitarian protective clothing, were adopted as parade headdress by the French, German, Italian and Soviet armies, amongst others, between the Wars. Uniforms of varying shades of khaki and grey were universal in the Second World War but the cut and outline appearance of the different armies still made identification in the field relatively straight forward.
A Soviet soldier would, for example be distinguishable from his German opponent by his general outline, even in the fog of battle. British, American, Japanese and French uniforms still retained some distinctive features, even as they became more and more utilitarian in the course of the War.
The US Army discarded its First World War style field uniforms in in favour of a very plain and practical combat dress in a thin light brown wool shirt sometimes with an olive green cast and slightly darker trousers.
This was worn in conjunction with a smart olive drab "Class A" dress uniform—which in many cases varied to a rich "chocolate" brown tunic worn with khaki trousers. The war started with American combat troops wearing combat shoes with "spats" a form of gaiters , replaced later in the war with 2-buckle combat boots.
By contrast, British soldiers, other than officers, had their battledress for all occasions. In Germany the Nazi regime retained uniforms with many traditional features from Imperial Germany for its army uniforms, such as field grey cloth, marching boots a taller version for officers , collar litzen braiding and breeches for officers and NCOs ; German Panzer tank troops had a special combat uniform made of black wool and German troops serving in tropical climates had uniforms in a shade of khaki.
Later in the war, severe leather shortages led to the replacement of marching boots with ankle height shoes worn with gaiters Gemäsch. Imperial Japan used a light brown or khaki colour for most Imperial army uniforms—though there was also a green service dress tunic for officers. Footwear was reddish brown jack boots restricted for wear only by officers , while soldiers wore shoes with leg wrappings puttees.
From to , Soviet Army uniforms for all troops except than tank troops were an intermediate shade of brown; uniforms included a field uniform " gymnasterka " shirt with collar tabs and a 2-button breast opening, belt, breeches, garrison cap, and boots , a service dress "kittel" tunic worn with breeches or trousers, and a dress uniform "mundir" tunic worn with deep blue breeches.
Soviet tank troops wore the gymnastyrka shirt, kittel dress tunic in a bluish grey rather than brown colour. In , the Soviet Army began to re-adopt many Tsarist Army features, notably braided shoulder boards , which had previously been forbidden since the founding of the Soviet Army as a sign of an undesirable "social class" mentality. The reintroduction in was, presumably, a relatively inexpensive means of boosting low Soviet troop morale it worked.
Once reintroduced to the Soviet Army, the use of shoulder boards was never rescinded and they remained part of the uniform until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The distinct bluish grey colour for tankers was eliminated in , from which point on all units of the Soviet Army wore brown. The utilitarian necessities of war and economic frugality are now the dominant factors in uniform design.
Most military forces, however, have developed several different uniform types, including combat dress, working dress, service or ordinary duty uniforms and to a very limited extent ceremonial full dress.
The practice of wearing a form of full dress off duty "walking out dress" has largely died out as the modern soldier prefers the casual clothing of his civilian peers.
Soldiers of the French Armed Forces do however still wear their kepis and a modified form of parade dress off duty, which can be seen every 14 July, during the Bastille Day Military Parade , in Paris. All of the above armies wear some form of camouflage uniforms for training and active service. These generally resemble each other and armies in the field are no longer differentiated by the distinctive cut or colour of their clothing.
Camouflage clothing, being cheap, comfortable and practical, has increasingly become the usual dress for daily wear in most armies, superseding the various "service" uniforms which were often the field dress of previous wars. In poorer parts of the third world, especially Africa, the camouflage clothing worn comes from a variety of sources and is of many different patterns, so that an army's dress is definitely military, but to a large extent not uniform.
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