References 10 American Sheep Industry Association: Qiviut is warmer than sheep's wool and and as soft as cashmere.
Wool fiber is measured in microns: The smaller the micron the finer and softer the wool. The most common wool animal is the sheep. Sheep can be categorized into three major types when it comes to wool production: Fine wool sheep produce the smallest micron of wool and include the Merino types, Rambouillet and Debouillet.
This wool is commonly used in clothing production. Medium wool breeds include the Targhee, Suffolk and Cheviot. Coarse wool breeds are the Lincoln and Romney. The coarser wool is often used in making wool yarn used by hand-knitters. Mohair and cashmere come from goats. Mohair comes from the Angora goat, which produces a long shaggy coat that is generally clipped twice per year.
Mohair is known for its luster and is often used in clothing, shawls and fine yarn. Cashmere comes from the Cashmere goat and is considered one of the most luxurious of all types of wool. Cashmere goats are sheared yearly and can yield up to 2.
The Lama genus of animals, all of whom originate in South America, includes llamas, alpacas, vicunas and guanacos. Of these, alpacas are the most common for fiber production. Llamas are generally clipped once a year and produce a coarse wool that includes stiff guard hairs. When the guard hairs are left in the wool is used for ropes and rugs, when removed the wool can be used for yarn. Alpacas are typically sheared every one to two years, producing about 6 pounds of wool each time.
The finer alpaca wool does not contain guard hairs and is used to spin fine yarns. Camel hair is most commonly produced in Inner Mongolia and other areas in China. Camels are typically sheared once a year; a camel can produce about 20 pounds of wool each year.
The wool of camels is used to produce many fine textiles including scarves, gloves and jackets, The Mongolian people use camel hair to make their homes, called yurts, as well as cine carpets. Rabbit hair can also be used for producing wool. Angora rabbits and their dwarf relative the Jersey Wooly are raised for their wool.
Rabbits are combed out about every three months to retrieve their hair. Angora rabbits can produce about 3 pounds of hair per year. It is used to make sweaters, gloves and scarves. Jersey Woolies are a dwarf variety of angora rabbit with slightly shorter fur, making them somewhat easier to care for. Because of the delicate nature of angora wool it is sometimes combined with sheep's wool to make it more durable.
The musk ox produces a soft inner wool called qiviut. The coat of the bison contains two different types of fiber. The main coat is made up of coarse fibers average 59 micrometers called guard hairs, and the downy undercoat average This undercoat is shed annually and consists of fine, soft fibers which are very warm and protect the animal from harsh winter conditions.
Cashmere wool is wool obtained from the Cashmere goat. Cashmere is characterized by its luxuriously soft fibers, with high napability and loft. In order for a natural goat fiber to be considered Cashmere, it must be under It is noted as providing a natural light-weight insulation without bulk. Fibers are highly adaptable and are easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics. Mohair is a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat.
It is both durable and resilient. It is notable for its high luster and sheen, and is often used in fiber blends to add these qualities to a textile. Mohair also takes dye exceptionally well. Wool has two qualities that distinguish it from hair or fur: Wool varies in diameter from below 17 micrometers to over 35 micrometers.
The finer the wool, the softer it will be, while coarser grades are more durable and less prone to pilling. Qiviut is the fine underwool of the muskox. It is approximately eight times warmer than sheep's wool and does not felt or shrink.
Hand spinners also use fiber from animals such as llamas, camels, yak, and possums. These fibers are generally used in clothing. Hair from animals such as horses is also an animal fiber. Horsehair is used for brushes , the bows of musical instruments and many other things. The best artists brushes are made from Siberian weasel , many other fibers are used including ox hair and hog bristle.
Camel-hair brushes are usually made from squirrel , cheaper ones from pony , but never camels. Chiengora is dog hair. Wool from a wide range of animals can be used for handicrafts and garments.
The table below lists a variety of animal fibers and the approximate average diameter of each. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Fiber. Glass Carbon Tenax Basalt Metallic. Retrieved from " https: Fibers Animal hair products. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.
Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 25 July , at
The most common wool animal is the sheep. Sheep can be categorized into three major types when it comes to wool production: fine wool, medium and coarse wool, and hair-type. Fine wool sheep produce the smallest micron of wool and include the Merino types, Rambouillet and Debouillet. Wool is primarily from sheep. Other animals give us other types of wool: Cashmere or pashmina is collected from Cashmere Goats. Lamb's wool is collected from lambs (young sheep). Camel Wool is collected from camel. Mohair is collected from Angora goats. Goats can be also added, as wool-yielding animals, to a flock. The most common fiber goats are the Angora and the Pygora. Angora goats are recognized for their long curly locks of fleece on the horned goat. The Pygora breed of wool producing animal was derived from the Angora.